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Preschoolers love exploring anything in the dirt, including worms!
Creating a worm farm will offer many learning opportunities for preschoolers. In particular, worm farms are great for sensory and science development.
This DIY Worm Farm Tutorial will guide you in creating your worm farm for little to no cost!
The first step is to gather your materials.
Step 1: Prepare the worm housing
You will be using your drill for this part. Be sure to wear safety goggles, if your preschooler is helping or watching be sure they are wearing safety goggles as well. **This is an excellent opportunity to talk about the importance of personal safety equipment!
You will be putting holes in 3 of the bins (the 4th bin will be on the bottom and should not have holes). Use your 1/4" drill bit and drill holes along the bottom. The holes will allow water to drain through and the worms to travel between bins.
Step 2: Bedding
Select two of your bins with holes in them. Place bedding material in the bottom, the bedding should be any combination of soil, newspaper, dead leaves, cardboard, and peat moss. Make sure this material is moist but not soaked.
In one of the containers place some food scraps on top of the bedding mixture, this will be the bin you will be adding the worms to.
Step 3: Add Worms
It's time to get digging! Spend some time digging for worms, this will undoubtedly be the favorite part for the preschoolers. As they find worms encourage them to add them to their new home (the bin with a mixture of bedding and food scraps).
Step 4: Putting it all together
You now have your four bins ready to go! Your bin with nothing in it should be on the bottom. Nest the bin with the worms inside of bottom bin, then place the bin with the bedding, then the top bin (which is currently empty) with the lid.
Place the stack in a dark and warm place. When we started it was still very cold so we stored them in an indoor closet until it warmed up. You might store yours in a shed, garage, or in a shady spot outside.
Plan to check on your worms about once a week.
Take pictures of the contents of the bins often to refer back to. Talk about what is happening in each bin.
Here are some great books and material ideas to help guide the experience and enhance preschoolers learning!
Did you use our guide to create a worm farm? We would love to hear about it in the comments or in our facebook community for Early Childhood Educators!
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